Attitudes toward immigration policy are driven by fears about cultural
diversity, not just individual economic circumstances. This column looks back at
the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1913), when 30 million migrants moved from
Europe to the US, to examine whether such fears are justified. US Census data
from 1920 reveals that recent immigrants gave their children more foreign names
than long-standing immigrants, which suggests that cultural assimilation did
take place over time. This assimilation had economic benefits for children, both
in school and in the labour market.
Social science today rests on a canon of works that examine the social,
political, and economic makeup of the Western European world between 1450 and
1900. But which works should we use to guide us through the problems of the
New EU trade agreements could adversely affect Turkey as a non-EU member. This column presents new findings of an economic analysis in which different trade policy scenarios are considered. The results point to a clear policy recommendation – Turkey and the EU should mutually deepen their customs union by including the agriculture and service sectors as soon as possible.